How to write English exam essay introductions.

The introduction is where the examiner first experiences students’ writing and they will form his/her judgement quickly. A poor introduction will require the writer to change the examiners mind in later paragraphs to score well. In addition, introductions are the place where the reader outlines the structure of their essay and can prevent examiners from becoming confused about the direction of an essay.

In the opening sentence of the essay students should state the topic and suggest a reason why the topic is important. Introducing the topic in the first sentence is critical if the reader is to be sure of what the topic of the essay is.

The second sentence is the ideas sentence. This sentence is probably the most critical of the essay and has two functions. This may take the form of rephrasing the question.

The final sentence is to allow the reader to understand the direction of the arguments and the overall structure the essay. The listing of key ideas is very important because it also helps keep the writer focused on the topic rather than drifting and writing about unrelated topics.

At the end of the introduction a reader should know what the topic is, why the topic is important, the key ideas as well as the structure and the aim of the essay. When all of these items are present, the reader is unlikely to become confused about the direction or the content of the essay.

3 Step plan to IELTS and PTE English exam success

Step 1:

choose the better exam for you, either IELTS or PTE, and be realistic when setting achievable target scores, for extra visa points.

Step 2:
request pre-exam tasks to complete at home, to return for free  assessment and feedback, prior to scheduling your individual tuition.

Step 3:
Work on exam strategies and techniques with support, and self-study material, from your tutor, up to the exam date booked.

IELTS v PTE Essay Writing

One of the conversations I frequently have with students, concerns switching exam formats. This may be from General IELTS to Academic PTE, or visa versa. However, the reasons for this option are critical when looking at the advantages and disadvantages, to you, of switching exam format.

Writing: there is no advantage opting for one exam, over the other, as this part of the exam is marked in the same way in both IELTS and PTE. Although, in IELTS Writing Task1 is simpler than PTE Writing Task 1.

Speaking: is significantly simpler in IELTS as it involves interacting with a person, rather than being marked by a computer, and is not based on academic tasks, as in PTE.

Listening: as IELTS is designed as a skills-based exam, this is more straightforward that PTE listening. In contrast, PTE is designed as a listening and note-taking exam and therefore, the listening section has a strong emphasis on grammar and vocabulary.

Reading: in contrast to the writing section, if this is the problem area in IELTS, PTE reading is much simpler because of the exam design, see above.

Best English exam for YOU , IELTS or PTE?

Over and over again, I have conversations with people who have booked an English exam date, either IELTS or PTE, without having done any research in advance.

This approach can prove to be not both expensive and frustrating as well. Would you spend money on a new purchase for your home without doing some ‘desk research’ first? Probably not. Therefore, my recommendation is to avoid any knee jerk response, after hearing you have to sit one of the above exams, and consider what the differences between them mean, for you in the exam room.

Then work through the following step by step approach to make sure you’re fully prepared when the exam date comes around   

Step 1 : Make time to study exam preparation material as finding time is often the critical factor required to achieve your English exam target scores. 

Step 2 : Complete pre-exam tasks for assessment and be realistic about what your starting point is.

Step 3 : Book an exam date after you feel confident you understand what’s involved.

Step 4 : Practice exam strategies and techniques, widely available online.

to success!

Gain Extra Visa Points

Gaining extra visa points is not always easy to achieve. As a result, some people panic when faced with the prospect of having to sit and English exam, either IELTS or PTE to boost their visa applications. Therefore, adopting a step by step approach, going back to the basics of English grammar and spelling, is a good starting point.

Try these links for basic revision of what you know:

Don’t Panic… Contact us!

Step by step
Start with basic English

English exams for nurses

Nurses sitting English exams, as part of their skills assessment, have three options:

Academic IELTS , minimum Band 7 in all 4 sections :

Pearson PTE, 65+ in all 4 Communicative Skills:

Occupational English Test:

After achieving the necessary scores for this purpose, it is sometimes then necessary to either resit Pearson PTE or switch IELTS module, from Academic to General, to score minimum Band 8, in IELTS, or 79+ in PTE, for visa application purposes.

Grown up speaking English? IELTS preparation tips, just for you.

As fluent, native English speakers it is important to understand that the English exams, which offer extra visa application points are just that, exams! To achieve the best score in your test, it’s vital to prepare well – even if you have a good track record with exams. However, if it’s years since you were last in an exam room it’s time to get back to basics, with the following tips.

  • Familiarise yourself with the format of the test. 
  • Use the free IELTS practice material available online
  • Remember, each part of the test will be timed so make sure you practise in timed conditions.
  • Understand what happens on test day so you’re completely prepared and can focus on getting the result you want. 

Specific to each of the four exam papers:

  • You’ll need to listen very carefully for specific information in the Listening test as you only hear the recording once.
  • You’ll be asked to carry out tasks that you may never have done before in the Reading and Writing tests.
  • In the Speaking test, you will have to speak fluently and coherently on a topic, regardless of whether you find it interesting.
  • Remember, each part of the test will be timed, so practise in timed conditions.


Which exam should you choose to sit?

Overall, both IELTS and Pearson PTE test the same basic, core language skills but with IELTS, you have the option to sit General or Academic whereas in Pearson PTE only academic is available in the UK.  The difference between academic and general vocabulary is as the name suggests, academic for use in the context of a further education scenario, compared to general vocabulary which is everyday language, although not colloquial.  The one similarity between the two exams is essay writing which is marked the same way in both.  On the other hand, the design, delivery method and the scoring systems of IELTS and Pearson PTE are completely different.

Design of exam papers vary widely.  IELTS papers are skills-based which means that grammar and vocabulary are not tested, as such.  In contrast, Pearson PTE is designed as a listening and note-taking exam which tests the candidate’s ability to understand a lecture well enough to make notes which can then be explained, both verbally and in writing. What this means in practice is that in IELTS listening, you are listening for the answers to the questions on the question paper, compared to Pearson PTE listening which tests grammar, vocabulary, spelling in the context of listening.  In the same way, IELTS speaking is based on general discussion topics whereas, Pearson PTE involves re-telling a lecture as well summarising graphs, or other types of visuals.

Delivery of these two exams is either by computers or paper-based with IELTS being the paper-based exam and Pearson PTE computer delivered.  Consequently, in an IELTS exam room, question papers are handed out, which you then make notes on, as you work through the paper.  Pearson PTE exams are sat in the equivalent of language labs with everyone sitting at computers, wearing headphones, speaking into microphones while typing on keyboards.  Therefore, as you can imagine, Pearson PTE exam rooms are very noisy which can make concentrating on your own exam difficult.  IELTS exam room are the total opposite, silence reigns!

Scoring is also the total different in both exams. As you might expect, the Pearson PTE exams are marked by computers using algorithms for every section of the exam, including speaking. However, IELTS is marked by trained Clerical Markers for the listening and reading papers after you transfer your answers to a marking sheet. In IELTS writing, specialised writing examiners mark your A4 lined, writing booklet.  These same examiners also conduct and score the speaking exams.



Getting Going on English exam preparation.


First, when you’re considering booking an exam date, please ensure that you allow yourself enough time, to prepare adequately.  Stepping into an exam room without any preparation for the tasks ahead is never a good idea as resits are expensive and demoralising! Therefore, starting your study schedule at least a month in advance of the exam is advisable.  More importantly making time for this in busy, daily routines is crucial. Next, get your head into ‘exam mode’ by avoiding spellcheck and trying to use proper punctuation in texts, and e mails. A simple way to review overall grammar and spelling is by writing on A4 lined paper for 10 minutes, every day about something in the news.  For Pearson PTE and Academic IELTS, this should be a science, technology or environment reports.

Second, when you have an exam date booked, it’s time to focus on specific exam practice material, relevant to the exam you’ve decided to sit. There is a wide range of material available but some sites may be confusing and even misleading so if in doubt, ask an expert for guidance.  When you book an IELTS exam, included in the exam fee is 20 hours free material which is helpful and can be accessed though the same site as you book the exam on, using your booking reference number.  In contrast, for Pearson PTE, there is less free material available so it is generally helpful to purchase a couple of mock exams in advance of the actually taking the exam. From these mock exam results, you will gain valuable insight into how you might score on the day and also, which aspects of the exam you need to improve on.

Finally, understand the exam assessment criteria so that you know how to gain, not lose marks.  Remember, you are marked on how you use English language in a functional way.  For example, what’s the ‘job’ of a letter in General IELTS Task 1? How do you build and link paragraphs in exam essay writing?  How wide is your range of vocabulary?  What grammar do you use in academic exams?

 Founder, Marian Anderson is an expert in English exam preparation

Who We Are

English for Emigration, founded by Marian Anderson, an expert in her field, helps you identify, and correct, any problems that may be preventing you from gaining your target scores in IELTS, or Pearson PTE exams, needed to progress your visa application.

01501 773622 (tel)

Need help with your visa application?

For specific questions about visa applications, the following organisations can help:

Exam Success

IELTS Tuition